Beyond Physical Inclusion: A Grounded Theory of Belonging
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We used grounded theory to analyze interviews with support workers evaluating a program for individuals with dual diagnosis. Our grounded theory research started with the question, "What is going on in the data?" From our data analysis, our grounded theory of belonging emerged. There are two components to our grounded theory that conceptualize what is going on in the data. The first is the main concern, which is stopping short. The second is the core variable, which is belonging, and resolves stopping short. Stopping short is the main concern, and is the process that accounts for making resolution difficult. Several underlying concerns reinforce stopping short. These are being left out, (limiting) inclusion, logical elaboration, and turnover. A lack of awareness of the influence of these concerns can reinforce Stopping short. Awareness of them and their influence is part of the contribution to resolving Stopping short through the core variable of Belonging. The process of belonging is supported by increasing Awareness and an emphasis on relationship. Reciprocity and support(ing) relationships and awareness provide the meaning and relevance of belonging for people supporting those living with dually diagnosed. The significance of using grounded theory for our analysis and the contribution belonging makes for those supporting and working with individuals with dual diagnosis are discussed.