Effect of Dietary Beta-Carotene on Hepatic Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes in Mice
Basu, Tapan K.
MetadataShow full item record
The effects of dietary supplements of beta-carotene (20-500 mg per kg diet) on hepatic microsomal drug-metabolizing enzyme activities were studied in mice. Supplementation for 14 days resulted in marked reductions in the concentrations of cytochrome P-4S0 and biphenyl 4-hydroxylase. The antipyrine N-demethylase and p-nitroanisol O-demethylase activities, however, were unchanged. Also apparently unchanged were the hepatic concentrations of microsomal protein, lipid peroxides, and superoxide dismutase. Supplemental .a-carotene was weakly protective against the acute toxic effects of an injection of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH), as indicated by a lowered mortality. This anti-carcinogenic action of p-carotene, including a protection against Di'\1H-induced colon carcinogenesis, suggests an alteration by this carotenoid in the metabolism of carcinogens by the liver.