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dc.contributor.authorTemple, Norman J.
dc.contributor.authorSteyn, Krisela
dc.contributor.authorHoffman, Margaret
dc.contributor.authorLevitt, Naomi S.
dc.contributor.authorLombard, Carl J.
dc.identifier.citation38. Temple NJ, Steyn K, Hoffman M, Levitt NS, Lombard CJ (2001). The epidemic of obesity in South Africa: a study in a disadvantaged community. Ethnicity Disease, 11, 431-437.en
dc.description.abstractObjective: The objective of this study was: 1) to determine the anthropometric profile of adults In Mamre, a small town In South Africa, which has a population of mixed ancestry ("colored" people of Afro-Euro-Malay-Khoisan ancestry); and 2) to determine the change In this profile between 1989 and 1996. Design: Cross-sectional surveys conducted In random samples of adults In 1989 and 1996. Participants: The subjects were 684 women and 529 men In 1989, and 546 women and 430 men In 1996, aged 15 and older. Main Outcome Measures; The following measurements were recorded: height, weight, and circumference of waist, hips, and mid-upper arm. Results: Based on data from the 1996 survey, 32% of women are obese (body mass index [BMI] ;;: 30) at ages 25-44 years, rising to 49% at ages 45-64 years. A much lower prevalence of obesity is seen in men: 14"10 at ages 35-64 years. Obesity levels significantly increased in women between the two surveys (P=.015): up from 44% in 1989 to 49% in 1996 at ages 45-64 years. There was an Increase In the prevalence of overweight (BMI 25-29.9) in men, though not in obesity. Mean 8MI increased by about 3% In women and 2% in men between 1989 and 1996. Conclusions; This study conducted among people of mixed ancestry living In a disadvantaged community In South Africa shows that half of middle-aged women are obese. A rising trend In 8MI was seen in adults of both sexes between 1989 and 1996. This trend may be explained by factors associated with rural-urban transition, Including electrification, reduced physical activity, and Increasing availability of energy-dense food.en
dc.format.extent475421 bytes
dc.publisherEthnicity Diseaseen
dc.subjectbody mass indexen
dc.subjectbody weighten
dc.titleThe epidemic of obesity in South Africa: a study in a disadvantaged community.en

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