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dc.contributor.authorGarrison, D. Randy
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Terry
dc.contributor.authorArcher, Walter
dc.identifier.citationGarrison, D. R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2001). Critical thinking and computer conferencing: A model and tool to assess cognitive presence. American Journal of Distance Education 15(1) 7-23.en
dc.description.abstractThis article describes a practical approach to judging the nature and quality of critical discourse in a computer conference. A model of a critical community of inquiry frames the research. A core concept in defining a community of inquiry is cognitive presence. In turn, the practical inquiry model operationalizes cognitive presence for the purpose of developing a tool to assess critical discourse and reflection. The authors present encouraging empirical findings related to an attempt to create an efficient and reliable instrument to assess the nature and quality of critical discourse and thinking in a text-based educational context. Finally, the authors suggest that cognitive presence (i.e., critical, practical inquiry) can be created and supported in a computer-conference environment with appropriate teaching and social presence.
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dc.publisherAmerican Journal of Distance Educationen
dc.subjectComputer-mediated communicationen
dc.subjectCognitive presenceen
dc.subjectCritical thinkingen
dc.titleCritical Thinking and Computer Conferencing: A Model and Tool to Assess Cognitive Presenceen

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