This is a collection of the research of Dr. Frits Pannekoek

Recent Submissions

  • Nature and Culture: A New World Heritage Context 

    Dailoo, Shabnam Inanloo; Pannekoek, Frits (International Journal of Cultural Property, 2008)
    The understanding of the relationship between culture and nature as manifested in the UNESCO declarations and practices has changed over the last few years. The World Heritage Convention is continuing to evolve ...
  • Debating Metis Rights 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Literary Review of Canada, 1992-04)
    Thomas Flanagan usually manages to place himself at the centre of controversy whenever he writes about the Metis. While his work may often appear to be motivated by ideology rather than the persuasiveness of historical ...
  • Metis Studies : The Development of a Field and New Directions 

    Pannekoek, Frits (University of Alberta Press, 2001)
    Until recently, sources for Mets studies have been few both for classroom use as well as academic reflection. Lately, there has been a virtual explosion of interest, although largely among non-Mets historians. Now this to ...
  • The Rise of the Heritage Priesthood or the Decline of Community Based Heritage 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Historic Preservation Forum, 1998)
    In October 1996 the United States Department of the Interior sent a cover letter for a lengthy document to state historic preservation officers and copied "tribes, professional organizations, and other interested parties." ...
  • History of the Canadian Metis : study guide 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Athabasca University, 1996)
    The political, economic, and social history of present-day Canada was, for the first three huhdred years after European contact, a product of the fisheries and the fur trade. Posts along the ocean shores and along the ...
  • Alberta : A Community Development Heritage Alternative 

    Pannekoek, Frits (ICOMOS Canada, 1996)
    Since 1980, twelve new heritage attractions have been constructed by the Province of Alberta with three new facilities opening since 1990 despite a major recession. All but the Royal Tyrrell Museum and its Field Station ...
  • Insidious Sources and the Historical Interpretation of the Pre-1870 West 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Canadian Plains Research Centre, 1991)
    There has been a noticeable absence of the Anglican church, or its documents, in the mainstream of Canadian historical writing on the pre-1870 west. This does not mean that the Church of England has not been the subject ...
  • A selected Western Canada Historical Resources Bibliography to 1985 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Prairie Forum, 1990)
    The bibliography was compiled from careful library and institutional searches. Accumulated titles were sent to various federal, provincial and municipal jurisdictions, academic institutions and foundations with a request ...
  • The Fur Trade and Western Canadian Society, 1670-1870 

    Pannekoek, Frits (The Canadian Historical Association, 1987)
    The political, economic, and social history of present day Northwest Territories, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, was, for the first two hundred years of European contact, a product of the fur trade. At various posts ...
  • Riel House : A Critical Review 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Archivaria, 1984)
    A very critical study of the preservation strategies employed at Riel House. Riel House was opened to the public by Parks Canada in the summer of 1980, after almost a decade of research and restoration. Situated at 330 ...
  • The Historiography of the Red River Settlement, 1830-1868 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Prairie Forum, 1981)
    In the many studies of the Red River Settlement written since 1856, the prime factors affecting the Settlement have been variously conceived as economic, geographic or political. In contrast to the traditional historical ...
  • Some comments on the social origins of the Riel Protest of 1869 

    Pannekoek, Frits (1979)
    The English-speaking folk of Red River looked with excitement and hope on the debates that surrounded the confederation of the eastern provinces. The Protestant Canadians, arriving in vocal and visible numbers in the 1860s ...
  • The Rev. Griffiths Owen Corbett and the Red River Civil War of 1869-70 

    Pannekoek, Frits (University of Toronto Press (, 1976-06)
    G.F.G. Stanley and W.L. Morton have offered two contradictory and well documented interpretations of the first Riel resistance. Professor Stanley places the resistance within the framework of the frontier thesis. To him ...
  • Cyberimperialisme et marginalisation des autochtones au Canada 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique INRS Urbanisation, Culture et Société, 2000)
    Les populations indigènes du Canada seraient-elles sujettes, comme les. autres populations du Canada, à un « cyberimpérialisme » insidieux, qui menace de dénaturer et de marginaliser leurs cultures, voire de les éliminer ...
  • A Probe Into the Demographic Structure of Nineteenth Century Red River 

    Pannekoek, Frits (University of Alberta Press, 1976)
    To the casual observer in 1830 Red River appeared a picturesque rural backwater dotted with church steeples and numerous windmills. The impression would not have been inaccurate. By 1830 the settlement had recovered from ...
  • Interpretation on the New Frontier:The Alberta Experience 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Alberta Museums Review, 1994)
    The author has provided a thought-provoking analysis of the origins and influences of the heritage interpretation field in Alberta. He explores the effect successive generations of immigrants have had on the culture of the ...
  • Time for a Change? The Alberta Historical Resources Act 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Legacy Magazine, 2000-01)
    The Alberta Historical Resources Act was a product of several well-attended hearings during 1970-71, chaired by Richard G. Forbis, a leading archaeologist and professor at the University of Calgary. Intended to preserve ...
  • The Medicine Line and the Thin Red Line 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Montana, the Magazine of Western History, 1996)
    The Medicine Line, the name given by the Blackfoot to the Canadian-American border, reflects the "magic" that it imposes on certain people. How can similar peoples sharing the same continent be so different when divided ...
  • Who matters? Public history and the invention of the Canadian past 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Acadiensis, 2000)
    There is no longer any real dispute that the past, as distinct from traditions, is an invention based on a careful selection of apparently empirical evidence. Historians now accept that there is no "ultimate" truth; there ...
  • A snug little flock : the social origins of the Riel Resistance, 1869-70 

    Pannekoek, Frits (Watson and Dwyer, 1991)
    Questions about the identities of the mixed-blood Indian-European peoples of Canada and the United States have puzzled historians and anthropologists in both countries. Who are the mixedbloods of North America? Why do they ...

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