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    • Community of Inquiry Framework: Validation and Instrument Development 

      Arbaugh, Ben; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Diaz, Sebastian; Garrison, D. Randy; Ice, Phil; Richardson, Jennifer; Shea, Peter; Swan, Karen (2008-02-29)
      Since its publication in The Internet and Higher Education, Garrison, Anderson, and Archer’s (2000) Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework has generated substantial interest among online learning researchers. This presentation ...

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