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Title: Pass/Fail and Discretionary Grading: A Snapshot of Their Influences on Learning
Authors: Melrose, Sherri
Keywords: Pass/Fail Grading
Discretionary Grading
Norm-Referenced Grading
Criteria-Referenced Grading
Issue Date: 16-Feb-2017
Citation: Melrose, S. (2017) Pass/Fail and Discretionary Grading: A Snapshot of Their Influences on Learning. Open Journal of Nursing, 7, 185-192.
Abstract: This article provides a snapshot of pass/fail and discretionary grading approaches, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of each. Normreferenced and criterion-referenced grading practices and their associations with learning are identified. A brief historical backdrop illustrates how grading practices have evolved. The inherent subjectivity of grading is emphasized. Pass/fail grading supports intrinsic motivation and self-direction, but limits opportunities for recognizing excelling students. Discretionary grading, which includes letter (F− to A+) and numeric (0% to 100%) representations, supports extrinsic motivation and self-improvement, but promotes unhealthy competition. Both approaches have merit and can effectively measure student achievement in nursing education programs.
ISSN: Online: 2162-5344
Print: 2162-5336
Appears in Collections:Dr. Sherri Melrose

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